Publication Date: 2018-01-17
Approval Date: 2017-12-07
Posted Date: 2017-10-31
Reference number of this document: OGC 17-078
Reference URL for this document: http://www.opengis.net/doc/PER/t13-AB001
Category: Public Engineering Report
Editor: Jeff Harrison
Title: OGC Testbed-13: Concepts of Data and Standards for Mass Migration Engineering Report
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- 1. Summary
- 2. References
- 3. Terms and Definitions
- 4. Overview
- 5. Experiments
- 6. Findings
- Appendix A: Context Encodings
- Appendix B: Revision History
- Appendix C: Bibliography
The objective of the Mass Migration Source Integration effort in OGC Testbed 13 was to understand and document how interoperability tools and practices, including open geospatial and security standards, can enable information exchange on an international level for humanitarian relief and analysis of mass movement of populations.
This Engineering Report describes how Testbed 13 participants tested and demonstrated situational awareness using Internet and web technologies in a shared information exchange platform. The purpose of this platform was to help realize a Common Operational Picture (COP) for coordinating humanitarian relief activities among nations and organizations. In addition, the platform exercised security-enabled interoperable exchange of messages.
1.1. Requirements and Demo Scenario
Testbed 13 focused on addressing challenges related to the coordination of multi-regional / multi-national operations and messaging related to the displacement and mass movement of populations in response to conflict. The current exodus of people across the Middle East to multiple nations was used as a scenario for this discussion.
In OGC Testbed 13, participants assessed the ability of open geospatial web services to support simulated users in a Mass Migration Scenario over Syria and Jordan. In this scenario, large numbers of people have been displaced from the Daraa region of Syria to the Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan due to ongoing conflict. As the conflict ends 'de-escalation zones' are established by major powers and plans are made to return displaced people from refugee camps. Understanding the situation on the ground and the infrastructure, as well as transporting these people from refugee camps into a former conflict zone is a major challenge for relief agencies. To accomplish this task, they must understand the environment and transportation infrastructure in the region between Zaatari refugee camp and Daraa.
The following examples provide a brief sample of the scenario involved in testing the approach.